What is Ecopsychology?
If you’re looking for an easy way to improve both your mental and physical wellbeing quickly and at no cost, bundle up and head outside. Ecopsychology is the study of how and to what degree nature impacts psychological wellness. There’s something to be said for taking a step (or a couple thousand) away from your phone and computer to relax in nature. In fact, people who spend more time outside report feeling more social and experience greater resilience during difficult times. Compared to individuals who reside in rural areas, people who live in cities have a 20% higher risk of anxiety disorders and a 40% higher risk of mood disorders. The fact that stress is detrimental to immunity is especially important now.
What Are the Benefits of Being Outside?
Your environment has a significant impact on how your nervous, respiratory, and endocrine systems function. Your surroundings affect your blood pressure, heart rate, and how much tension you hold in your muscles. By decreasing stress hormones, exercising outside might benefit body weight more than can be explained by the calories burnt by movement. Science shows that being in nature, or even sitting near a houseplant or water feature, can reduce pain and discomfort. It’s smart to take a quick jaunt outside during the workday since doing so improves both attention and memory.
How Much Time Should You Spend Outside?
According to a study published in Nature, individuals had to spend at least 120 minutes per week in nature to report higher levels of both health and well-being. It did not matter whether the 120 minutes was accrued in several shorter jaunts or one long bout.
A Growing Movement
The news that nature is imperative to wellbeing is catching on, too, “Park deserts” are now discussed in public health initiatives, and cities are adding green spaces and blue spaces (aquatic environments) wherever possible. More employers are also seeking buildings with a view of nature or access to natural landscaping.
“Forest schools,” with roots reaching back to “friluftsliv,” which literally means “free air life” in Scandinavia, are growing in popularity in the U.S. and the U.K.
Japanese researchers have coined the phrase “forest bathing” to describe walking in the woods. They hypothesize that inhaling aerosols from the forest increases natural killer cells’ levels in the immune system, fighting cancer and infection.
Meanwhile, the Trust for Public Lands has completed a project to map all of the parks in the U.S. to identify those places without adequate access to parkland. They aim to improve those areas where people don’t live within a 10-minute walk to a park. It’s not just individuals that improve with exposure to nature. Entire societies benefit from reduced crime and aggression if the population has more access to nature.
So, if, like many of us, you feel unmotivated and a little restless these days – the answer to your problems might be just outside your door.