Many people have tried to pinpoint what exactly wellness consists of, but there is no single definition. Dr. Bill Hettler, the National Wellness Institute’s co-founder, developed the Six Dimensions of Wellness model. This is a comprehensive description and includes six components, copied directly from nationalwellness.org below:
- How a person contributes to their environment and community, and how to build better living spaces and social networks
- The enrichment of life through work and it’s an interconnectedness to living and playing
- The development of belief systems, values, and creating a world-view
- The benefits of regular physical activity, healthy eating, strength, and vitality as well as personal responsibility, self-care, and when to seek medical attention
- Self-esteem, self-control, and determination as a sense of direction
- Creative and stimulating mental activities and sharing your gifts with others
As the word “wellness” has become part of our everyday language, the number of Americans suffering from a genuine “unwellness” has continued to climb. Somehow, we have forgotten that wellness is supposed to feel good. Instead, we force ourselves to do things that leave us feeling deprived, battered, and stressed in the name of health and then shirk from any mention of wellness for the rest of our lives.
Just as the beauty of wellness lies in its inclusivity, this, too, is the most challenging part of embracing it in our personal lives. It isn’t easy to think of something that does not somehow relate to the broad definition of wellness. The fact that all of it is interconnected makes it only more difficult to clarify the message. Stress, as an example, undoubtedly affects how you relate to others, how you work and play, and how you move and eat.
This is how the whole notion of wellness becomes frustrating and overwhelming and understandably results in some people choosing to stock up on toaster pastries and zone out in front of the television.
Wellness is an industry in itself, and we are bombarded daily with conflicting advice regarding how best to improve health. Unfortunately, I’ve noticed a troubling trend of people making very esoteric changes to their lifestyle without changing the ugly elephant in the room. Someone with diabetes deciding only to use coconut oil and avoid any product that contains carrageenan, while not understanding the basics of carbohydrate counting, is an example. All of the coconut oil in the world isn’t going to help you if you are eating too much or too little carbohydrate to keep your blood glucose within range. It is, however, much simpler to eat coconut oil than to count your carbs at every meal and snack and to check your blood glucose several times a day. Easier isn’t necessarily better.
People often point out that the advice regarding nutrition, physical activity, stress management, etc., is always changing. They are correct, but the fundamental basics tend to stay reasonably stable, according to respectable research.
Our culture, lifestyle, history, and health status profoundly impact our definition of wellness, but for all of us, it is “the best that I can do today.” For some people, that might be running five miles and only eating organic food, while for another, it might be setting goals and priorities in the morning and taking 10 minutes to stretch before bed.
When we make it complicated and stressful, we defeat the entire purpose of wellness. Instead of changing every dimension of wellness at one time – pick one area in need of attention, and the others might just fall into place.